Most Brighton gardens have thin chalk soil which is alkaline.
The sight and sound of Herring Gulls are a real feature of living in Brighton & Hove. As they have no enemies in the animal world their numbers are rising. They like living in the city as they can easily find food and they also like to building nests on rooftops.
Held in September the Brighton Digital Festival involves events, exhibitions and conferences to show the variety of what goes on across the City and beyond. In 2013, the Brighton Digital Festival drew over 41,000 people to 175 events.
The Volks Railway in Brighton was the first public electric railway in the world, and today is the oldest working electric railway. It runs along Marine Parade to the Black Rock Station, near the Marina. It was opened on 4 August 1883 by Magnus Volk. He was a local Brighton inventor and engineer, and the first person to install electricity in the city (in his own house). He also installed electric lighting into the Royal Pavilion . Magnus Volk ran his railway successfully for many years was before it was taken over by the council in 1940 following his death in 1937. It was closed during the Second World War but was restored and reopened in 1948.The railway is a tourist attraction and closes during the winter. The last train is usually at the end of September, and it reopens around Easter time. Trains run every day during the summer season, weather permitting.
The full journey from Aquarium Station to Black Rock Station takes around 12 minutes and covers 2km.The Railway is maintained by the city council. VERA (Volks Electric Railway Association) also assists in providing practical and promotional help. VERA is a local organisation open to anyone with an interest in the railway.